Below is a list of resources relevant to the African Declaration of Internet Rights and Principles.
Information and Internet Rights in Zimbabwe

This research paper, compiled by Izak Minnaar, highlights key advocacy principles in relation to information and internet rights, using the AfDec principles. The paper aims to guide MISA Zimbabwe in its efforts to embolden ordinary citizens to play an active role in the shaping of internet policy and the protection of their digital rights in Zimbabwe. Here, the assessment of key advocacy principles, , texts and references offers pertinent guidelines to strategically implement policies and law regulations that recognise, protect and promote digital rights. The internet is a powerful tool for the realisation of all human rights, thus it is incumbent that individuals have the means to exercise their fundamental right to access information, as highlighted in the paper. This research paper was supported by the AfDec Strategic Advocacy Fund.

Freedom of Expression in Zimbabwe

This research was commissioned by MISA Zimbabwe as part of its project which was supported under the AfDec Strategic Advocacy Fund. The research assesses the overall status of the right to freedom of expression in Zimbabwe. In making this exploration, the paper analyses how laws and policies in the country’s statutes infringe on the right to freedom of expression. The report assesses how the violation of freedom of expression affects journalistic practice and media freedom and highlights how regulation of the internet can shape trends and citizen behaviour on the internet.



Hlengiwe Dube

Bridging the Digital Gender Gap in Uganda: An assessment of women’s rights online based on the principles of the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms

This study conducted by the Women of Uganda Network (WOUGNET) assesses the status of women’s rights online in Uganda based on five of the key principles of the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms, namely internet access and affordability, marginalised groups and groups at risk, right to information, right to privacy and data protection, and gender equality. In its paper, WOUGNET explores the digital gender divide and its impact on gender inequalities in Uganda. To remedy these structural disparities, WOUGNET highlights key actions and recommendations for bridging the digital gender gap that government leaders, civil society and other relevant stakeholders should consider in ongoing debates and processes for the adoption and amendment of internet-related policies. The paper emphasises the importance of incorporating a gender lens in understanding the effects of public policies on women’s daily lives in Uganda. The study was supported by the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms Strategic Advocacy Fund.

Feature Image: Courtesy of

An honest conversation on privacy and personal data protection in The Gambia

This dynamic radio talk show produced by the The Gambia YMCA Computer Training Centre and Digital Studio exemplifies engagement of the youth on digital rights issues. It gives a brief overview on the implementation of privacy and personal data protection in The Gambia by outlining the difference between private and public information. In highlighting responsible use of the internet, the show focuses on cyberbullying, a prominent violation among young internet users in The Gambia. The show is also an apt example of how to package tips on online security for the youth. It was produced as part of a project supported under the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms Strategic advocacy Fund.

Show hosts:

John Charles Njie and Anna Anet Sambou




The application of the 5th principle of the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms in laws and regulations in Cameroon

This study by PROTEGE QV assesses the application of the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms principle on freedom of assembly and association on the internet in Cameroon. As part of the study, the organisation conducted an online survey and also had a broad consultation with key stakeholders during a workshop to explore the possibility of integrating the use of and access to the internet in Cameroon’s statutes with a particular focus on freedom of association and assembly. This report thus emphasises the urgent need for Cameroon to implement policies and legal frameworks that will promote human rights online in the current digital environment. Recommendations point to the steps that stakeholders can take that are compatible with an existing legal framework governing the exercise of association and assembly rights in the digital age. The study was supported by the AfDec Strategic Advocacy Fund.



Protege QV



Dr Lionel Amahata Kiabega, Serge Daho, Sylvie Siyam, Avis Momemi, Lionelle Tchingoua

Data Protection Africa: A tool for information, advocacy and activism in Africa

Phase 1 of Data Protection Africa (DPA) has launched! DPA is an online open-access portal that provides information on data protection laws and access to data protection authorities in 31 African countries. The portal also lists digital rights organisations which work in the data protection space in Africa. Phase 2 is coming soon.


A full review of data protection laws in 31 African countries Africa is undergoing a digital transformation, and while this presents exciting and innovative opportunities, there is a corresponding and pressing need for appropriate data protection on the continent. Unfortunately, data protection is largely unregulated in Africa, putting vulnerable populations at a risk. In response to the need to better understand the data protection landscape in Africa, ALT Advisory has created DPA, a resource for individuals, activists and communities to access information and knowledge which will enable them to exercise their rights and to advocate to progressively realise and develop privacy rights. DPA seeks to become a platform for activism in the face of digital threats.

The DPA portal presently provides a full review of data protection laws in 31 African countries, each with a factsheet on the applicable laws, as well as relevant constitutional provisions. The factsheets provide information on:

  • What constitutes personal information in a particular jurisdiction
  • How that information should be collected and processed
  • How that data can be transferred across borders
  • What breach notifications apply in a jurisdiction if data is leaked to an unauthorised third party.
  • What steps can be taken to remedy such breaches, including the contact information of operational data protection authorities.

Also available through the portal is a list of digital rights organisations which work in the data protection space in Africa.

Phase 2 of DPA, which is presently in development, will see the review of all country factsheets, the introduction of a new factsheet on the Togolese Republic, a running record of data protection jurisprudence in Africa, and an overview of sub-regional data protection trends. Phase 2 will also incorporate contact functionality which will allow DPA users to file complaints with data protection authorities from the portal.

You can access the site here.

This piece was written by Tshepiso Hadebe, of ALT Advisory. DPA is a special project that has been developed by ALT Advisory with the support of a grant from the Strategic Advocacy Fund, as part of the project “Securing human rights online in Africa through a strong and active ‘African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms’ network”.

The promotion of human rights online through the Digital Rights Senegal website

The website Sénégal Droits Numériques (Digital Rights Senegal), created by the ICT Users Associations (ASUTIC), is a useful resource for a wide range of internet governance stakeholders, and in particular civil society organisations. The website offers a variety of tools to promote an understanding of human rights online, their protection and promotion. Despite progressive moves made by the government to adopt several internet laws in Senegal from as far back as 2008, it is apparent that several laws contain provisions that violate the exercise of human rights both offline and online. This website seeks to increase participation of stakeholders in Senegal’s internet governance processes. ASUTIC received a grant under the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms Strategic Advocacy Fund.


PIC Courtesy Of: | Senegal and Yan Marre

Africa in urgent need of a homegrown online rights strategy

Participants at the 2019 Digital Rights and Inclusion Forum in Lagos, Nigeria agreed that the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms is a good starting point for the protection and promotion of online rights and freedoms on the continent, which are increasingly under threat. In the session, titled “Consolidating a pan-African approach to building an open and useful internet in Africa”, participants noted that not only had there been an increase in violations against citizens’ access to and use of the internet across the continent, but that this trend was worsening. This is particularly so as governments continue to enact repressive policy and legislation and apply extrajudicial means to limit freedoms online.

Statement on internet shutdown in Togo

A coalition of some 35 civil society organisations has written to several international bodies including the African Union and the United Nations Human Rights Council over the recent internet shutdown in Togo. Signatories to the letter include Paradigm Initiative, Reporters Without Borders, World Wide Web Foundation, Access Now, Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Ghanaian Centre of PEN International, the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) and members Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA), Fantsuam Foundation, and Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet). The Coalition calls on the international bodies “to bring a halt to the spate of Internet shutdowns in Africa and to publicly declare your commitment to this effort.

Disentangling the broadband divide in Rwanda: supply-side vs demand-side

This is a policy brief to assess pricing trends in Rwanda, a country which performs pretty well on pricing index but still has low internet uptake. To figure out why, Research ICT Africa is conducting a household, individual and business survey in Rwanda as well as Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Mozambique. More countries will be added on as the year progresses.